This is the second government formed by the elected House of Representatives since the promulgation of the constitution by the Constituent Assembly, which has received a vote of confidence, reaching a two-thirds majority, not a majority. This government and the House of Representatives will be full-time charioteers against the game of dissolving and re-establishing the House of Representatives twice in a span of six months, contrary to the constitution. In addition to preserving the constitution, preserving the parliament and living the life of the parliamentarians, this government has many important tasks entrusted to it by history. This article attempts to discuss some of these tasks.
Duties to protect the constitution and parliament:
Due to the previous government repeatedly misinterpreting the constitution and dissolving the parliament, the task of protecting the constitution and the parliament has automatically fallen on the shoulders of this government. Many of the criticisms of the previous government may have been forgotten, but the criticism of serious crimes against the constitution, such as the violation of the constitution and the dissolution of parliament, will never be forgotten. It may be an attempt to cover up the shame that the parliament was dissolved in the past but the truth is that the previous constitution envisaged the dissolution of the parliament but the new constitution does not dissolve the parliament under any circumstances. Provision was made in the constitution that the parliament could not be dissolved prematurely by consensus from the Constituent Assembly on the basis of facts and evidence. Against the backdrop of the restoration of the parliament by the Supreme Court interpreting the same provision, the historic task of guarding the constitution and the parliament has been handed over to this government. Therefore, it is important for the government to assimilate and reassure the people that the government is not allowed to misinterpret the constitution in early elections or any other pretext and go to the polls before the end of the term of the parliament.
The task of maintaining balanced international relations:
Probably due to the fact that India is a busy country, Nepal has not only gone through a negative legacy like India-oriented, India-dependent for a long time. Despite this, the creation of a situation where Nepal and the Nepalese people depend on the guardianship of nationality and democracy was confirmed after the proclamation of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal through the new constitution on the strength of the people’s war and people’s movement of the past. The challenge of maintaining this glorious history is on the shoulders of this government. It will be the responsibility of any future government. Although the previous government initially struck a balance, in recent days it has failed to maintain Nepal’s independent status, such as squandering through non-diplomatic meetings with the RAW chief (Khuwia Agency) and mocking Singh Mew Jayate in Parliament. The fact that these parables were nothing but arrogance of power or petitions to preserve power is confirmed by the series of misunderstandings between Saying and Doing. Even though Nepal is small compared to its two great neighbors, Nepal is geographically a large country on the world map and as a sovereign country, the international community has equal suffrage on the basis of equal existence. Another important task of this government will be to adopt the facts and adopt the behavior of as per the fact.
Duties of implementing the constitution and federalism:
The fact that the first government formed after the issuance of the new constitution has shown indifference in the implementation of the constitution and federalism is not hidden. Even six years after the promulgation of the constitution, the laws required to implement the constitution have not yet been enacted. There is no law to run the administration. The long list of laws to be enacted in accordance with the constitution is in confusion. Many laws have been tabled in various committees of Parliament. The past practice of making the parliament business less, dissolving it time and time again and running the country through ordinances is a very negative phenomenon from the point of view of the rule of law. The right of the citizens to enjoy the rights institutionalized by the constitution has been limited due to the lack of law. Even the fundamental rights have been limited as mere decorative items. Many forest laws are also against the essence of federalism. Without any justification or reason, the Center has encroached on the rights of the states and the locals and the Center has started the opposite practice of returning the rights enshrined in the constitution for the locals and the states. Repeated threats to attack the autonomy of the provinces as a unit of the center are preserved in the archives. The recognition of inclusiveness to protect the rights of Madhesi, women, Dalit and Adivasi Janajati and minority communities is limited to the Constitution. Many of these past practices have challenged the image of the constitution and federalism on the one hand, and important political achievements of the people’s war and people’s movement such as the federal democratic republic and secularism on the other. The law to coordinate between the federal, state and local levels was enacted in the fifth year of the promulgation of the constitution, but its implementation was not a priority. To date, no law has been drafted by the state assembly to coordinate between the state and local levels. Only two meetings of the Inter-provincial Council, a mechanism for resolving political disputes between the Union and the states, have been held Only for formality. At a time when there are many challenges in the implementation of the constitution and federalism, there are officials appointed in the constitutional commissions that warn the executive by dissolving the unconstitutional parliament and amending it through the Constitutional Council Act Ordinance. In any case, it is unthinkable for a job-minded official to warn the executive in the implementation of the constitution and federalism. Thus, this government has inherited the state structure and its officials who are suffering from corruption everywhere. From that legacy, the task of implementing the constitution and federalism has fallen on the shoulders of this government.
The task of protecting the people from hunger and disease:
Corona’s devastation has plagued the public for the past two years. To prevent the disease, the government resorted to woodcutting but did not announce any relief package to prevent starvation. Hospital treatment for the common man was the fruit of the sky but he died. People who were forced to stay at home even if they died were defeated by the disease, but they could not overcome hunger and died tragically. The previous government spent its days harassing the people who were begging for a life free from disease and hunger by issuing various decrees from PM’s resident Baluwatar. Even in Corona Panic, the people of the government were obsessed with the bargaining of the commission even for the purchase of health items or vaccines. Which has only created a negative image of the government. The challenge of turning this negative image into reality is the first task of the current government. The government is accountable to the people. In times of crisis, the government takes responsibility to protect the people from disease and hunger. The message that there will be no shortage of treatment and no shortage of vaccines can only be conveyed through behavior, not volleyball.
In the end
Failing to complete the formation of the government within a month, failing to formulate a clear view on the ordinance budget issued with the intention of dissolving the parliament and running the country through an ordinance, and failing to take concrete decision on more than a thousand unconstitutional appointments in the same period. It is difficult to overcome the deepening crisis of trust by not being able to prove that the zero tolerance against corruption is not in the statement of the previous government. Therefore, in this time of crisis, the present government has to shoulder the serious task of proving that this government is dedicated to the interest of the country and the people in a balanced balance of impulse and conscience with courage and foresight. All will overcome the anomalies created by the previous government and take the path of unity. They have looked at this government with the same hope.