The legacy of the halal revolution

It can be said that halal revolution is one of the various causes of the pain that Nepali politics is going through at the moment. The character has not changed, the trend has not changed, similarly the situation has not changed. It is not that there has been no attempt to apologize to the people and restore the lost trust in the people that the mistakes made in the past will not be repeated. It has not been said that the leaders who have dedicated their lives for the country and the people have no purpose other than the welfare of the country and the people. It was also said that politics is not a profession, it is a service. From time to time, what I have not received from the country, I have to start from what I have given to the country. It is unthinkable that any leader who has sacrificed his personal aspirations for the service and self-interest of the country and the people will not be able to do anything for the benefit of the country and the people. Despite all this, why the expected work could not be done in the interest of the country and the people. There are many reasons for this, but this article is based on the assumption that the halal nature of the revolution is one of them.

Revolution Agreement Against Rana Rule:

For 103 years, the Rana ruled, which was autocratic, familial and arbitrary. Freedom was not enough for this system. Nepal was not untouched during the wave of democracy all over the world. Due to its global influence, the anti-Rana movement arose even in Nepal, and an armed revolution took place. Action was taken to the extent of capturing the main knees. Politically, various parts of the country were liberated from the clutches of the Rana and used for the freedom of the people. For this, the formation and operation of the Salvation Army, the provision of weapons and the management of the war were also done. Initially, the Rana was very ruthless and punished those who joined the anti-Rana movement with death penalty, life imprisonment or severe punishment. Similarly, the asylum of King Tribhuvan in the Indian Embassy finally ended with the Delhi Accord. The result was that Rana accepted the PM. The result of the armed revolution started by the Nepali Congress with the formation of the Salvation Army can be called the beginning of the compromise trend of Nepali politics, an incomplete revolution or a halal revolution.

Revolution and Agreement against Panchayat:

Although the tripartite Delhi agreement agreed to make Rana the prime minister, Tribhuvan the king, and the Congress a share in the cabinet, it was important that the assembly elections and the constitution to be drafted by the assembly govern the next system of government. Unfortunately, due to the tension within the ruling party and the secret maneuvers of the power-hungry king among the leaders, the election of the Constituent Assembly was turned into a parliamentary election by entering the Supreme Court. The Congress government, which won two-thirds of the seats in the parliamentary elections, was ousted by King Mahendra’s military coup. Due to the imprisonment of the leaders and the ban on the party, the valley of democracy was closed with the introduction of independent system in Nepal. The continuous struggle against the Panchayat continued. From the Congress Satyagraha to the armed struggle of the Communists, there were exercises. The reform of the panchayat through a referendum was a manifestation of the multi-party system, the underground movements of the communists and the satyagraha of the Congress and the disobedience of dissident groups within the panchayat. The events leading up to the fall of the Panchayat and the overthrow of the monarchy did not go unnoticed, but the movement could not find its final destination. If the referendum had been used properly, the multi-party system and the 46-year-old people’s movement could have been organized. But in return, the parties were forced to make an agreement with the king and accept the constitutional monarchy in place of the autocratic king. The three-decade-long struggle with the king led to an agreement with the king to accept the king’s umbrella. Even the revolution and struggle with the king could not be completed.

Revolution and agreement against autocracy

The constitution, written through a 46-year-old historic people’s movement, called for an end to the king’s autocracy and for the king’s constitutional status to be restored, but the real form of the monarchy was gradually extended to Gyanendra’s direct reign with the Durbar massacre. The 46-year-old revolution was a halal revolution. In order to make up for the shortcomings, the people’s war was gaining momentum. Gyanendra’s autocracy was reaching its limits. There was a united movement. As a result of both peaceful and armed movements, Gyanendra was on the verge of bowing down. However, the movement did not end the monarchy. The Interim Constitution was promulgated with the king suspended. It was agreed that the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly would decide on the monarchy in the midst of a great tug of war. Eventually, the train broke down despite repeated attempts to postpone the Constituent Assembly elections. Attempts were made to recall the first meeting, but the first meeting was abandoned and the monarchy came to an end. But it was not in the strength of the movement that the constitutional process was completed. The fact that the struggle against autocracy and the agreement were repeated time and time again until the process was not completed It is clear that the reports of the Gog and Rayamajhi Commission have been destroyed. It can be said that it was a kind of agreement not to take action against those who were recommended to take action by the report.

Revolution pact against imperialism expansionism

The character of Nepali politics is of a global nature. The influence of world politics is being felt directly or indirectly in Nepal. Based on this, one of the features of Nepali politics is the movement against imperialism and expansionism. This political slogan has been uniting Nepali society, strengthening Nepali nationalism and sharpening the struggle against foreign intervention. Along with the development of the nationalist current in the Nepali people on the basis of this slogan, the movement has also gained energy. The world imperialist policy pursued by the US government has the experience of expecting the world to follow its own policy and intervening in the internal affairs of small countries. Due to his role in suppressing liberation movements around the world, world imperialism, including US imperialism, became a target of the Nepali political movement. Nepal’s nearest neighbor India, especially with its neighbors, has been trying to adopt a hegemonic policy, trying to keep its neighbors in its grip, even if it is for its own selfish ends. The same thing happened with the imposition of unequal treaties to implement the same expansionist policy. Nepal is one of the neighbors affected by the unequal treaty agreement. From the unequal treaty of 1950 to the Koshi Gandak agreement and from the treacherous Mahakali treaty to Kalapani Lipulek Limpiyadhura, the Indian Michaha trend became an example. Therefore, Nepali politics is based on the approach of imperialism and expansionism to identify what kind of politics is progressive and reactionary or status quoist. It is equally true that one aspect of Nepali politics when one is out of power and another when one is in power is another characteristic of Nepali politics. The trend is equally sharp in this case.

In the end

Halal trend also prevailed in internal affairs. Just as Nepali politics has been secretly embroiled in national and international issues, the parties have not been able to strengthen due to the weakening of internal democracy and the tendency to patch up internal disputes. Another halal tendency in Nepali politics is the tendency to be ready to make any compromise when the interests of power are in danger, otherwise to sit idly by. Nepali society is forced to go through the same ordeal.

This entry was posted in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.